s/y Nine of Cups
Manassas National Historic Battlefield - Virginia
August 2012
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Don't forget to check out:
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American Odyssey...Part I?
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American Odyssey...Part II?
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American Odyssey...Part III?
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Birds of North America?

Wildflowers of North America?
Where Southern Victories Tested Northern Resolve

On July 21, 1861, two armies clashed for the first time on the fields
overlooking Bull Run. Heavy fighting swept away any notion of a
quick war. In August 1862, Union and Confederate armies
converged for a second time on the plains of Manassas. The
Confederates won a solid victory bringing them to the height of their

This is the National Parks Service banner and introduction to
Manassas National Battlefield.
On these grounds, bloody battles were fought in
hand to hand combat...family against family,
brother against brother. It is a sad place.
We have crossed the Mason-Dixon Line.
The Mason–Dixon Line was surveyed
between 1763 and 1767 by Charles Mason
and Jeremiah Dixon in the resolution of a
border dispute between British colonies in
Colonial America. This demarcation
symbolized the cultural boundary between the
Northeastern United States and the Southern
United States (Dixie) and during the Civil War,
the legality of slavery. Note that many
Southerners still refer to the War Between the
States as the War of Northern Aggression.
This entire area is rife with remnants of Civil
War battlefields and the history of a war in
which more American men were killed than all
subsequent wars combined.
Confederate General "Stonewall"
Jackson is immortalized in bronze here.
The battlefields were once farms and pasture
land, now soaked with the blood of our
countrymen. The iconic, beautiful stackpole
fences are everywhere.
Battlecry of Freedom by
James M. McPherson is the
crew's choice for reading about
the American Civil War.
The air-conditioned Visitor's Center was a popular place and  offered a film and several exhibits
about the battles fought here as well as diaramas of battlefield strategies. The Union Army was so
sure of a victory, that spectators from Washington, DC set up a picnic area to watch the anticipated
rout. So much for hubris!

There's a lot of ground to cover here if you're so inclined. Outside, the temps soared to 100F and the
humidity was high. After roaming around the battlefield area for a half-hour, we opted to move on.
The Visitor's Center was quite stately.
Once theory is that the Southern term
"Dixie" was derived from "Dixon" line.